The gaze of a two-month baby can make it possible to recognize the early signs of autism, as stated by the scientists at the Marcus Autism Centre in Atlanta. The children suffering from this disorder try to avoid direct eye contact.
The babies who do not like to look directly into the eyes of other children often suffer from autism. The study of a baby’s gaze may be a way to diagnose autism at an early stage, since this symptom is already apparent at the age of two months. During the experiment, scientists from the United States used a special technology that tracks the direction of the gaze and the baby’s response to various external stimuli.
The children who were subsequently diagnosed with autism, showed a persistent unwillingness to look into the eyes of other people at the age of 2-24 months. In addition, these babies had a decreased fixation on any particular object or point. Autists had a vacant gaze without focusing on anything.
However, the authors of the study point out that you cannot spot autism with an unaided eye, it requires special equipment. Therefore, fathers and mothers should not think that if their kid does not look them in the eye every minute, it means that he or she suffers from autism. For an accurate measurement, you need special equipment as well as the reaction of the baby in response to certain specific stimuli.
Before starting to crawl and walk, kids intensively study the world around them with their eyes. They examine people’s faces, bodies, various items. Eye contact with other people plays a very important role in the development of social interaction. It is known that one of the main symptoms of autism is the problems with communication.